It is the ninth month of Islamic calendar month of Ramadan the month in which the book of guidance, the book which leads humankind to success, the book which distinguishes right from wrong was revealed. In the words of Allah
“In the month of Ramadhan the Qur’an was revealed, a book of guidance with proofs of guidance which distinguishes right from wrong. Therefore whoever of you is present in that month let him fast But he who is I’ll or on a journey shall fast a similar number of days later. (2:185)
In the month of Ramadan, Muslims fast, don’t eat ,drink from dawn to dusk. Fasting in the holy month of Ramadan is one of the fifth pillar of Islam. Food, drink are the man’s most basic necessities. When he/she is consumed by hunger and thirst he/she understands pain of hunger, thirst, weak ,ill people. It also gives symbolism of an inner, spiritual eagerness to make all kinds of sacrifices and build a person self control which enables a person to lead successful life.
The month is the annual reminder of the blessings of Quran. The path that mankind must follow, the path that leads to success, the path that was followed by best creation of world Prophet (SAW),the path of obedience.
Ramadan purifies soul, in the words of Prophet(SAW) ” There is a zakat for all things and the zakat of the body is fasting (mishkat 1/639) here zakat means purification of soul which fasting purifies .
The prophet (SAW) also said
“The month of fasting is the month of compassion” (Mishkat al Masibah 1!613).in Ramadan people are compassion, generous which is human aspect of fasting.
Ramadan awakens a sense of humility in all human beings. It produces an atmosphere of compassion. Ramadan teaches us how a society can be turned into truly human brotherhood.