Cancer-A threat to Humanity

Cancer- A threat to Humanity
News Kashmir Analysis
Cancer is a disease in which some of the body’s cells grow uncontrollably and spread to other parts of the body.
Cancer can start almost anywhere in the human body, which is made up of trillions of cells. Normally, human cells grow and multiply (through a process called cell division) to form new cells as the body needs them. When cells grow old or become damaged, they die, and new cells take their place.
It is deadliest disease confronted by humanity.
World Cancer Day aims to prevent millions of deaths each year by raising awareness about cancer, and pressing governments and individuals across the world to take action against the disease.
World Cancer Day was born on the 4 February 2000 at the World Summit Against Cancer for the New Millennium in Paris.
World Cancer Day is more than a day on the calendar. That’s why its campaign is built to inspire change and mobilise action long after the day itself. A multi-year campaign means more exposure and engagement, more opportunities to build global awareness and ultimately more impact.
recorded approximately 12 lakh new cancer cases and 9.3 lakh deaths in 2019, making the country the second-highest contributor to the cancer burden in Asia that year, according to a new Lancet study.
Published in The Lancet Regional Health Southeast Asia journal, the study, conducted by an international team of researchers, including experts from the National Institute of Technology Kurukshetra and All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Jodhpur, and Bathinda, compared cancer data across 49 Asian countries from 1990 to 2019.
Research states Leukaemias constituted nearly half of all cancers in the 0-4 year age group (42.1 per cent) and the 5-9 year age group (42.5 per cent). Lymphoid leukaemia, including acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, comprised most of the common leukaemia types diagnosed among children.
“This was followed by lymphomas (12.3 per cent ) that had the most significant proportion in the 5-9 year age group (15.7 per cent ), of which Hodgkin lymphoma was the most typical (7.9 per cent ),” the paper said.
Cancer is also a rising disease  in Kashmir.
The Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS) Soura is facing a concerning surge in cancer cases, with over 6,000 new diagnoses reported annually.
Few months back,
According to official data, Gastrointestinal (GI) cancers are the most prevalent type, accounting for 30% of cases, followed by lung and breast cancers.
We need to bear in mind that
cancer prevention is very important aspect.
Cancer prevention is the practice of taking active measures to decrease the incidence of cancer and mortality. The practice of prevention is dependent upon both individual efforts to improve lifestyle and seek preventive screening, and socioeconomic or public policy related to cancer prevention.
Expert pulse is Some cancer risk factors, such as genetics and environment, are out of your control, but research suggest that about 70% of your lifetime risk of cancer is within your power to change, including your diet. Avoiding cigarettes, limiting alcohol, reaching a healthy weight, and getting regular exercise are all great steps for preventing cancer. Adopting a healthy diet can also play a vital role.
Taking holistic measures can go long way in preventing cancer disease.
Few time back , in an interview with News Kashmir
. Shabnam Bashir doctor of par excellence. Trained in Colorectal and Breast cancer surgeries & cytoreductive surgeries from Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai and in Robotic surgeries from USA.   She is currently practicing in  Kashmir and leading the breast cancer awareness related things in Jammu and Kashmir stated that there is no
doubt the cancer is challenging disease among men and women. We need to rely on population registry to get figures.  In population registry few  years back we had oesophagus  cancer leading in Kashmir. The cancers like Lung, Colon, Breast are also leading here.
The need is to make good diet habits to avoid cancers especially avoid too much of non vegetarian, fast food and we have to avoid too much salt .