With rain continuing unabated since the past several months in the Valley of Kashmir the unusual weather patterns in Kashmir are hitting valleyites hard.
Many expert voices state that part of Climate Change and Global Warming, the two 21st century issues are already posing grave threat to the human civilization in terms of abnormal climate patterns. Kashmir which has already been declared environmentally fragile zone and can be most delicate area to these threats given its predominant reliance on agriculture, natural resources and forestry.
The grave scenario with reference of climate has hit us hard at a time when in Kashmir the overall paradigms are quiet terrible with reference to ecological balance as we have lost several valuable environmental resources especially waterbodies and forest cover.
Over the past few decades, we have lost a bulk of wetlands and lakes. The phenomenon of deforestation has increased. Many are opining that as we have lent a great blow to our natural resources and thus the abnormal climate patterns like increased rainfall, flooding, high temperatures have augmented.
Noted reports are already pointing towards looming dangers. Asian Development Bank report in 2014 has already stated that with a population of 1.43 billion people, one-third of whom live in poverty, the South Asia developing members of ADB “face the challenge of achieving and sustaining rapid economic growth to reduce poverty and attain other Millennium Development Goals in an era of accentuated risks posed by global climate change.” The report estimated that the total climate change cost in South Asia will increase over time and will be prohibitively high in the long term.
The report had further stated without global deviation from a fossil-fuel-intensive path, South Asia could lose an equivalent 1.8 per cent of its annual gross domestic product (GDP) by 2050, which will progressively increase to 8.8 per cent by 2100. Amid this situation, there is a responsibility on the governments across the world to work jointly for adaptation and mitigation measures to reduce the impact of the Climate Change and Global Warming.
Such unprecedented weather conditions and patterns have raised the brows of farmers as this could have an unfavorable impact on fruit crops including apples and dry fruits . Several reports have already reported damages to branches of apple, almond trees under the weight of continuous rain . At some instances, the already-blossomed flowers have also fallen off from most of the trees.
On the otherside of the spectrum, In the recent years, Global warming has increased substantially in many parts of the world which is the regular rise in the average temperature of Earth’s atmosphere and oceans. Global warming is caused by increased in level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, resulting from human activities such as deforestation and burning of fossil fuels. This finding is recognized by the national science academies of all the major industrialized countries and is not disputed by any scientific body of national or international standing.
The instrumental temperature record shows that the average global surface temperature increased by 0.74 °C (1.33 °F) during the 20th century. Climate model projections are summarized in the Fourth Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The ranges of these estimates arise from the use of models with differing sensitivity to greenhouse gas concentrations.
With the series issues created by the Climate Change and the Global Warming, world-wide studies suggest that developing economies will find it much difficult to achieve the growth targets in the face of grave economic losses likely to be suffered in key sectors such as agriculture, tourism, energy, transport, health and water.
The effects and consequences of global warming are both frightening and overwhelming. Renowned Scientist-Shakeel Romshoo in an interview had elucidated the likely impact of abnormal climatic patterns on Kashmir .Romshoo had stated – “Yes, definitely. When we compare the data of 90-100 years we witness a steady decline in the amount of snowfall and observe an abnormal rise in temperatures. Currently, we are witnessing uncharacteristic cycle of rainfall and heat .All these climatic factors indicate the impacts of globalwarming on our region. Due to water deficiency we are converting our paddy lands into horticulture area and this is also the evident impact ofglobal warming on us .”
Worried Masses are calling upon the State Government and concerned authorities to take all measures at local level especially the dire need to conserve the precious environmental resources so as to arrest the abnormal tendencies of Climate in Kashmir.